We need to know about OSH because:
In order for us to achieve the objectives of OSH we need to look into HIRARC which is the basis of occupational safety and health. HIRARC is a compound word which is made up of three consecutive activities running one after the other. The activities consist of Hazard Indentification, Risk Assessment and Risk Control. Hazard indentification is the recognising of things which may cause injury or harm to a person. Risk assessment is the looking at the possibility of injury or harm occuring to a person if exposed to a hazard. The introduction of measures which will eliminate or reduce the risk of a person being exposed to a harzard is known as Risk control.
We need to know about HIRARC because:
Before the proccess of identifying any hazards begin, it is necessary to know how to classify what is hazard, risk and danger.
Hazards can be sub-classified into health or safety hazards.
Examples of health hazards are:
Examples of Safety hazards are:
Hazards can be identified through the means:
Risk assessment can be achieved by:
Hierarchy of risk control:
Do you know that it is the duty of our employer under the Occupational Safety and Health Act 0f 1994 to:
a) Ensure our safety, health and welfare at our workplace by:
b) Formulate safety and health policy:
c) Employ a competent person to act as a Safety and Health Officer at the place of work exclusively for the purpose of ensuring the due observance at the place of work of the provisions of the OSHA and its regulations and the promotion of a safe conduct of work at the place of work.
d) Establish a Safety and Health Committee at the place of work if there are 40 or more persons employed at the place of work.
e) Consult the Safety and Health Committee with a view to the making and maintenance of arrangements which will enable him and his employees to co-operate effectively in promoting and developing measures to ensure the safety and health at the place of work of the employees and in checking the effectiveness of such measures.
f) Notify the nearest Occupational Safety and Health Office of any accident, dangerous occurrence, occupational poisoning or occupational disease which has occurred or is likely to occur at the place of work.
Nevertheless, it is our duty as employees to:
a) Take reasonable care for the safety and health of ourself and of other persons who may be affected by our acts or omissions at work;
b) Co-operate with our employer or any other person in the discharge of any duty or requirement imposed on our employer or that other person by OSHA;
c) Wear or use at all times any protective equipment or clothing provided by our employer for the purpose of preventing risks to our safety and health;
d) Comply with any instruction or measure on occupational safety and health instituted by our employer or any other person by or under OSHA or any regulations made thereunder.
How to create a safe workplace
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